Perencanaan Produksi dan Pengendalian Persediaan pada Perusahaan Manufaktur

  • Myra Beatrice Soeltanong Universitas Indonesia
  • Catur Sasongko Universitas Indonesia
Abstract views: 7977 | PDF downloads: 6173
Keywords: Manufacturing, Production Planning, Inventory Control



This research was conducted with the aim of observing the production planning process applied by PT X then designing a comprehensive production planning and inventory control so that it can overcome the occurrence of shortages and excess of inventory in the company. The research was conducted by observing a springbed manufacturing company PT X in Makassar. The data used are primary and secondary data, using instruments such as interviews, conducted on staffs and management of PT X, site visits, as well as company historical data. The results of the research were in the form of production planning, through demand forecasting, master production schedule, and planning for resource requirements. In addition, the researcher also established an inventory control system that could support the company's production process using the EOQ method, safety stock, and reorder points.  The results of the research are not necessarily applicable to other companies with different demand patterns or to companies with different industries. In addition, the methods used in production planning and inventory control are limited in this study.


Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengamati proses perencanaan produksi yang diterapkan perusahaan manufaktur PT X, merancang perencanaan produksi dan pengendalian persediaan yang komprehensif sehingga dapat mengatasi terjadinya kekurangan maupun kelebihan persediaan pada perusahaan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melakukan observasi pada perusahaan manufaktur PT X, perusahaan manufaktur yang memproduksi kasur per di kota Makassar. Data yang digunakan merupakan data primer dan sekunder, berupa wawancara yang dilakukan pada jajaran staf dan manajemen PT X, serta data historis perusahaan. Hasil penelitian berupa perencanaan produksi yang melewati tahap peramalan permintaan, pembentukan jadwal induk produksi, serta perencanaan kebutuhan sumber daya. Selain itu, peneliti juga membentuk sistem pengendalian persediaan yang dapat mendukung kelancaran proses produksi perusahaan dengan metode Economic Order Quantity (EOQ), persediaan pengaman, dan titik pemesanan kembali. Hasil penelitian belum tentu dapat diterapkan pada perusahaan lain dengan pola permintaan maupun pada perusahaan dengan industri yang berbeda. Selain itu, metode yang digunakan dalam pembentukan perencanaan produksi dan pengendalian persediaan pun menjadi keterbatasan dalam penelitian ini.


Akande, O. (2019). An Integrated Approach To Production Planning And Control Systems In Small Scale Industry. ProQuest LLC.

Barwa, T. M. (2015). Inventory Control as an Effective Decision-Making Model and Implementations for Company’s Growth. International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences, 3(5), 465.

Bastian, I., Winardi, R. D., & Fatmawati, D. (2018). Metoda Wawancara. Metoda Pengumpulan Dan Teknik Analisis Data, (September 2018), 53–99.

Chan, F. T. S., & Prakash, A. (2012). Inventory management in a lateral collaborative manufacturing supply chain : a simulation study, 50(16), 4670–4685.

Chinguwa, S., Madanhire, I., & Musoma, T. (2013). A Decision Framework based on Aggregate Production Planning Strategies in a Multi Product Factory : A Furniture Industry Case Study. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Research (IJSER), 1(1–3). Retrieved from

Fajar, M., & Lestari, Y. D. (2017). Aggregate Planning Analysis in PT. Akebono Brake Astra. Journal of Business and Management, 6(2), 182–191.

Gimenez, C., & Ventura, E. (2005). Logistics-Production, Logistics-Marketing and External Integration: Their Impact on Performance. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, (February).

Rădăşanu, A. C. (2016). Inventory Management, Service Level and Safety Stock. Journal of Public Administration, Finance and Law, (09), 145–153.

Shenoy, D., & Rosas, R. (2018). Problems & Solutions in Inventory Management. Springer.

Silver, E. A., Pyke, D. F., & Peterson, R. (2016). Inventory and Production Management in Supply Chains (4th ed.). CRC Press.

Sporta, F. O. (2018). Effect of Inventory Control Techniques on Organization’s Performance at Kenya Medical Supplies Agencies. The International Journal Of Business & Management, 6(3).

Thompson, A. A., Gamble, J. E., Peteraf, M. A., & Strickland III, A. J. (2018). Crafting & Executing Strategy - The Quest for Competitive Advantage. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Vincent, O., Ijedinma, N. O., & Onyemachi, U. C. (2018). Production Planning and Organizational Effectiveness. Strategic Journal of Business and Social Science, 1, 1–28.

How to Cite
Soeltanong, M. B., & Sasongko, C. (2021). Perencanaan Produksi dan Pengendalian Persediaan pada Perusahaan Manufaktur. Jurnal Riset Akuntansi & Perpajakan (JRAP), 8(1), 14-27.