The Impact of Electronic Word of Mouth (EWOM) Using Influencers on Brand Awareness and Purchase Intention

  • Santika Vania Putri Universitas Indonesia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35814/coverage.v13i1.3913
Abstract views: 277 | PDF downloads: 258
Keywords: eWOM, Brand Awareness, Buzz Marketing, Influencer, Purchase, Intention

Abstract

Digitalization has transformed individuals’ behaviour in receiving information. The changes has encourage marketer to shift their marketing strategy, from offline to online. With the existence of internet, Word of Mouth (WOM) strategy has converted to electronic Word of Mouth (eWOM)with the help of social media. eWOM itself has an advantage of raising awareness of a product, service, or a brand itself. Adopting the eWOM concept, there comes a new marketing strategy called buzz marketing, in which usually is using a third-party to maximize the viral and trending effect from eWOM. Using a case study from a beauty brand, Secondate, this paper analyzes the buzz marketing campaign that was done by Secondate on their first launching. Instead of using a buzzer, Secondate used more than 20 Indonesian influencers to create a buzz on social media and increase brand awareness of the brand Secondate. This paper alsoexplains the benefits of using                 influencer in eWOM instead buzzers in terms of leveraging a brand awareness. The result of this paper is that eWOM through influencer has a positive impact in increasing brand awareness, while influencers have no significant impact in customers’ purchase intention.

References

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al Halbusi, H., &Tehseen, S. (2018). The Effect of Electronic Word-Of-Mouth (EWom) On Brand Image and Purchase Intention: A Conceptual Paper. SocioEconomic Challenges, 2(3), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.21272/sec.3(2).83-94.2018

Ansary, A., & Nik Hashim, N. M. H. (2018). Brand image and equity: the mediating role of brand equity drivers and moderating effects of product type and word of mouth. Review of Managerial Science, 12(4), 969–1002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11846-017-0235-2

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Chu, S. C., & Kim, J. (2018). The current state of knowledge on electronic word-of-mouth in advertising research. International Journal of Advertising, 37(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/02650487.2017.1407061

Chu, S. C., & Kim, Y. J. (2011). Determinants of Consumer Engagement in Electronic Word-of-Mouth in Social Networking Sites. International Journal of Advertising, 30(1), 47–75. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2501/ija-30-1-047-075

Dabbous, A., & Barakat, K. A. (2020). Bridging the online offline gap: Assessing the impact of brands’ social network content quality on brand awareness and purchase intention. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2019.101966

Degreef, A. (2019). Rakuten Marketing 2019 Influencer Marketing Global Survey. https://blog.rakutenadvertising.com/insights/rakuten-marketing-2019-influencer-marketing-global-survey-report/

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Huang, R., &Sarigöllü, E. (2012). How brand awareness relates to market outcome, brand equity, and the marketing mix. Journal of Business Research, 65(1), 92–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.02.003

Hutter, K., Hautz, J., Dennhardt, S., &Füller, J. (2013). The impact of user interactions in social media on brand awareness and purchase intention: The case of MINI on Facebook. Journal of Product and Brand Management, 22(5), 342–351. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBM-05-2013-0299

Ilyas, G. B., Rahmi, S., Tamsah, H., Munir, A. R., & Putra, A. H. P. K. (2020). Reflective model of brand awareness on repurchase intention and customer satisfaction. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7(9), 427–438. https://doi.org/10.13106/JAFEB.2020.VOL7.NO9.427

Jain, V. (2021). An overview on social media influencer marketing. South Asian Journal of Marketing & Management Research, 11(11), 76–81. https://doi.org/10.5958/2249-877x.2021.00112.0

Karimah, R. H. N., &Fadillah, F. (2021). Buzz Marketing as a New Practice of Digital Advertising: A Study Case on Scarlett Whitening Brand. IMOVICCON Conference Proceeding, 2(1).

Key Opinion Leaders: Who Are They and Why Do They Matter? (2020, June 17). Lianatech.Com. https://www.lianatech.com/resources/blog/key-opinion-leaders-who-are-they-and-why-do-they-matter.html#:~:text=Key%20opinion%20leaders%20(KOLs)%20are,are%20known%20for%20their%20work.

Kim, J., & Hardin, A. (2010). The impact of virtual worlds on word-of-mouth: Improving social networking and servicescape in the hospitality industry. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 19(7), 735–753. https://doi.org/10.1080/19368623.2010.508005

Kotler, P., Kartajaya, H., & Setiawan, I. (2017). Marketing 4.0 Moving from Traditional to Digital. Wiley.

Krasila, H. (2021). Examining The Influence of Consumer-To-Consumer eWOM Source Credibility on Brand Awareness, Purchase Intention, eWOM Intention, and eWOMBehavior in Facebook [Master’s Thesis]. Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics.

Lee, K. Y., & Choi, H. (2019). Predictors of electronic word-of-mouth behavior on social networking sites in the United States and Korea: Cultural and social relationship variables. Computers in Human Behavior, 94, 9–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.12.025

Lim, X. J., MohdRadzol, A. R. bt, Cheah, J.-H. (Jacky), & Wong, M. W. (2017). The Impact of Social Media Influencers on Purchase Intention and the Mediation Effect of Customer Attitude. Asian Journal of Business Research, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.14707/ajbr.170035

Luarn, P., Huang, P., Chiu, Y. P., & Chen, I. J. (2016). Motivations to engage in word-of-mouth behavior on social network sites. Information Development, 32(4), 1253–1265. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666915596804

Mahajan, Y., &Gadekar, A. (2021). A bibliometric analysis of buzz marketing: Research areas, concerns, and suggestions for advancement. Indian Journal of Marketing, 51(2), 43–59. https://doi.org/10.17010/ijom/2021/v51/i2/157550

Maria, S., Pusriadi, T., Hakim, Y. P., &Darma, D. C. (2019). The Effect of Social Media Marketing, Word of Mouth, and Effectiveness of Advertising on Brand Awareness and Intention to Buy. JurnalManajemen Indonesia, 19(2), 107. https://doi.org/10.25124/jmi.v19i2.2234

Mashur, R., Gunawan, B. I., Fitriany, Ashoer, M., Hidayat, M., & Aditya, H. P. K. P. (2019). Moving from traditional to society 5.0: Case study by online transportation business. Journal of Distribution Science, 17(9), 93–102. https://doi.org/10.15722/jds.17.09.201909.93

Minh, C. le, Hoang Dang, M., Gia Trung Tran, D., Duyen TAT, T., & Thanh Nguyen, L. (2022). The Impact of Buzz Marketing on Customer E-WOM Intention: An Empirical Study in Vietnam*. Journal of Asian Finance, 9(2), 243–0254. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2022.vol9.no2.0243

Mohr, I. (2017). Managing Buzz Marketing in the Digital Age. Journal of Marketing Development and Competitiveness, 11(2). https://articlegateway.com/index.php/JMDC/article/view/1629

Monicha, D., &Kusumawardhani, A. (2019). Analisis Pengaruh pemasaran Media Sosial dan Celebrity Endorser Terhadap Electronic Word of Mouth engagement Pada. Minat Beli (Studi. pada KosmetikWardah di Semarang). Diponegoro Journal of Management, 8(3), 138–148. http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/djom

Moran, G., &Muzellec, L. (2017). eWOM credibility on social networking sites: A framework. Journal of Marketing Communications, 23(2), 149–161. https://doi.org/10.1080/13527266.2014.969756

NarangajavanaKaosiri, Y., CallarisaFiol, L. J., Moliner Tena, M. Á., Rodríguez Artola, R. M., & Sánchez García, J. (2019). User-Generated Content Sources in Social Media: A New Approach to Explore Tourist Satisfaction. Journal of Travel Research, 58(2), 253–265. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287517746014

Nurhandayani, A., Syarief, R., Syarief, R., & Najib, M. (2019). The Impact of Social Media Influencer and Brand Images to Purchase Intention. Universitas Brawijaya Journal of Applied Management (JAM), 17(4), 650–661. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2019.017.04.09

Oktaviani, B. R., &Estaswara, H. (2022). PengaruhElectornic Word Of Mouth (eWOM) di Media Sosial Twitter @avoskinbeauty Terhadap Keputusan PembelianAvoskin. Jurnal Publish, 10(1), 1–69.

Rachmawati, I. N. (2007). Pengumpulan Data DalamPenelitianKualitatif: Wawancara. JurnalKeperawatan Indonesia, 11(1), 35–40. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v11i1.184

Rahi, S., Ammara, U. E., & Qazi, T. F. (2021). The Impact of Advertisement on Customer Loyalty with Mediating Role of Word of Mouth (WOM). Economic and Social Development: Book of Proceedings, 224–229.

Ramadanty, S., & Maulana, A. (2020). Article in Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities. In Citations 4 Reads(Vol. 1). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342329184

Ring, A., Tkaczynski, A., &Dolnicar, S. (2014). Word-of-Mouth-Online, Offline, Visual or Verbal? Journal of Travel Research, 55(4), 481–492. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287514563165

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Sachitanand, R. (2020, January 22). Indonesian and Thai consumers most chatty about brands online: Nielsen Read more at: https://www.campaignasia.com/article/indonesian-and-thai-consumers-most-chatty-about-brands-online-nielsen/457748. Campaignasia.Com. https://www.campaignasia.com/article/indonesian-and-thai-consumers-most-chatty-about-brands-online-nielsen/457748

Sari, S., &Yuliana, G. D. (2017). Electronic Word of Mouth MelaluiYoutube: StudiTerhadap Beauty Vlogger KosmetikWardah. CoverAge: Journal of Strategic Communication, 8(1), 59–69. www.labana.id,

Seo, E. J., & Park, J. W. (2018). A study on the effects of social media marketing activities on brand equity and customer response in the airline industry. Journal of Air Transport Management, 66, 36–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.09.014

Sugiono, S. (2020). FenomenaIndustri Buzzer Di Indonesia: Sebuah Kajian Ekonomi Politik Media. Communicatus: JurnalIlmuKomunikasi, 4(1), 47–66. https://doi.org/10.15575/cjik.v4i1.7250

Agila, D. G., & Anthony, D. K. P. P. (2020). The Effects Of Influencer Type, Brand Familiarity, And Sponsorship Disclosure On Purchase Intention And Brand Engagement On Instagram. DogoRangsang Research Journal , 10(7), 261–273. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344665693

Ahmad, R., &Febrina, D. (2017). Motif Melakukan Electronic Word Of Mouth oleh Konsumen. CoverAge: Journal of Strategic Communication, 8(2), 1–13. www.megapolitankompas.com

al Halbusi, H., &Tehseen, S. (2018). The Effect of Electronic Word-Of-Mouth (EWom) On Brand Image and Purchase Intention: A Conceptual Paper. SocioEconomic Challenges, 2(3), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.21272/sec.3(2).83-94.2018

Ansary, A., & Nik Hashim, N. M. H. (2018). Brand image and equity: the mediating role of brand equity drivers and moderating effects of product type and word of mouth. Review of Managerial Science, 12(4), 969–1002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11846-017-0235-2

ApaBedanya Influencer, Buzzer hingga Endorser? (2019, August 6). Kumparan.Com. https://kumparan.com/millennial/apa-bedanya-influencer-buzzer-hingga-endorser-1rc05lPLasr/full

Barreda, A. A., Bilgihan, A., Nusair, K., &Okumus, F. (2015). Generating brand awareness in Online Social Networks. Computers in Human Behavior, 50, 600–609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.023

Chu, S. C., & Kim, J. (2018). The current state of knowledge on electronic word-of-mouth in advertising research. International Journal of Advertising, 37(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/02650487.2017.1407061

Chu, S. C., & Kim, Y. J. (2011). Determinants of Consumer Engagement in Electronic Word-of-Mouth in Social Networking Sites. International Journal of Advertising, 30(1), 47–75. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2501/ija-30-1-047-075

Dabbous, A., & Barakat, K. A. (2020). Bridging the online offline gap: Assessing the impact of brands’ social network content quality on brand awareness and purchase intention. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2019.101966

Degreef, A. (2019). Rakuten Marketing 2019 Influencer Marketing Global Survey. https://blog.rakutenadvertising.com/insights/rakuten-marketing-2019-influencer-marketing-global-survey-report/

Digital 2022: Another Year of Bumpy Growth. (2022, January 26). Wearesocial.Com. https://wearesocial.com/uk/blog/2022/01/digital-2022-another-year-of-bumper-growth-2/

Dixon, S. (2022, May 12). Distribution of Instagram users worldwide as of April 2022, by age group. Statista. https://www.statista.com/statistics/325587/instagram-global-age-group/

Erskine, R. (2019, January 16). Here’s How Major Brands Measure Social Media Impact. Forbes.Com. https://www.forbes.com/sites/ryanerskine/2019/01/16/heres-how-major-brands-measure-social-media-impact/?sh=146eabc323ec

Foroudi, P., Melewar, T. C., & Gupta, S. (2014). Linking corporate logo, corporate image, and reputation: An examination of consumer perceptions in the financial setting. Journal of Business Research, 67(11), 2269–2281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.06.015

Girsang, C. N. (2020). Pemanfaatan Micro-Influencer pada Media Sosial sebagai Strategi Public Relations di Era Digital. JurnalUltimacomm, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.31937/ultimacomm.v12i2.1299

Gultom, A. P. A., &Irwansyah. (2021). KekuatanInstagramdenganElectronic-Word-of-Mouth (EWom) dan InfluencerdalamKomunikasiPemasaran. JurnalInterAct, 10(2), 35–46. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25170/interact.v10i2.3150

Hermanda, A., Sumarwan, U., &Tinaprilla, D. N. (2019). The Effect of Social Media Influencer On Brand Image, Self-Concept, snd Purchase Intention. Journal of Consumer Sciences E, 04(02).

Ho, V. T., Phan, N. T., & Le-Hoang, P. V. (2021). Impact of electronic word of mouth to the purchase intention - the case of Instagram. Independent Journal of Management & Production, 12(4), 1019–1033. https://doi.org/10.14807/ijmp.v12i4.1336

Huang, R., &Sarigöllü, E. (2012). How brand awareness relates to market outcome, brand equity, and the marketing mix. Journal of Business Research, 65(1), 92–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.02.003

Hutter, K., Hautz, J., Dennhardt, S., &Füller, J. (2013). The impact of user interactions in social media on brand awareness and purchase intention: The case of MINI on Facebook. Journal of Product and Brand Management, 22(5), 342–351. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBM-05-2013-0299

Ilyas, G. B., Rahmi, S., Tamsah, H., Munir, A. R., & Putra, A. H. P. K. (2020). Reflective model of brand awareness on repurchase intention and customer satisfaction. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7(9), 427–438. https://doi.org/10.13106/JAFEB.2020.VOL7.NO9.427

Jain, V. (2021). An overview on social media influencer marketing. South Asian Journal of Marketing & Management Research, 11(11), 76–81. https://doi.org/10.5958/2249-877x.2021.00112.0

Karimah, R. H. N., &Fadillah, F. (2021). Buzz Marketing as a New Practice of Digital Advertising: A Study Case on Scarlett Whitening Brand. IMOVICCON Conference Proceeding, 2(1).

Key Opinion Leaders: Who Are They and Why Do They Matter? (2020, June 17). Lianatech.Com. https://www.lianatech.com/resources/blog/key-opinion-leaders-who-are-they-and-why-do-they-matter.html#:~:text=Key%20opinion%20leaders%20(KOLs)%20are,are%20known%20for%20their%20work.

Kim, J., & Hardin, A. (2010). The impact of virtual worlds on word-of-mouth: Improving social networking and servicescape in the hospitality industry. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 19(7), 735–753. https://doi.org/10.1080/19368623.2010.508005

Kotler, P., Kartajaya, H., & Setiawan, I. (2017). Marketing 4.0 Moving from Traditional to Digital. Wiley.

Krasila, H. (2021). Examining The Influence of Consumer-To-Consumer eWOM Source Credibility on Brand Awareness, Purchase Intention, eWOM Intention, and eWOMBehavior in Facebook [Master’s Thesis]. Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics.

Lee, K. Y., & Choi, H. (2019). Predictors of electronic word-of-mouth behavior on social networking sites in the United States and Korea: Cultural and social relationship variables. Computers in Human Behavior, 94, 9–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.12.025

Lim, X. J., MohdRadzol, A. R. bt, Cheah, J.-H. (Jacky), & Wong, M. W. (2017). The Impact of Social Media Influencers on Purchase Intention and the Mediation Effect of Customer Attitude. Asian Journal of Business Research, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.14707/ajbr.170035

Luarn, P., Huang, P., Chiu, Y. P., & Chen, I. J. (2016). Motivations to engage in word-of-mouth behavior on social network sites. Information Development, 32(4), 1253–1265. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666915596804

Mahajan, Y., &Gadekar, A. (2021). A bibliometric analysis of buzz marketing: Research areas, concerns, and suggestions for advancement. Indian Journal of Marketing, 51(2), 43–59. https://doi.org/10.17010/ijom/2021/v51/i2/157550

Maria, S., Pusriadi, T., Hakim, Y. P., &Darma, D. C. (2019). The Effect of Social Media Marketing, Word of Mouth, and Effectiveness of Advertising on Brand Awareness and Intention to Buy. JurnalManajemen Indonesia, 19(2), 107. https://doi.org/10.25124/jmi.v19i2.2234

Mashur, R., Gunawan, B. I., Fitriany, Ashoer, M., Hidayat, M., & Aditya, H. P. K. P. (2019). Moving from traditional to society 5.0: Case study by online transportation business. Journal of Distribution Science, 17(9), 93–102. https://doi.org/10.15722/jds.17.09.201909.93

Minh, C. le, Hoang Dang, M., Gia Trung Tran, D., Duyen TAT, T., & Thanh Nguyen, L. (2022). The Impact of Buzz Marketing on Customer E-WOM Intention: An Empirical Study in Vietnam*. Journal of Asian Finance, 9(2), 243–0254. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2022.vol9.no2.0243

Mohr, I. (2017). Managing Buzz Marketing in the Digital Age. Journal of Marketing Development and Competitiveness, 11(2). https://articlegateway.com/index.php/JMDC/article/view/1629

Monicha, D., &Kusumawardhani, A. (2019). Analisis Pengaruh pemasaran Media Sosial dan Celebrity Endorser Terhadap Electronic Word of Mouth engagement Pada. Minat Beli (Studi. pada KosmetikWardah di Semarang). Diponegoro Journal of Management, 8(3), 138–148. http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/djom

Moran, G., &Muzellec, L. (2017). eWOM credibility on social networking sites: A framework. Journal of Marketing Communications, 23(2), 149–161. https://doi.org/10.1080/13527266.2014.969756

NarangajavanaKaosiri, Y., CallarisaFiol, L. J., Moliner Tena, M. Á., Rodríguez Artola, R. M., & Sánchez García, J. (2019). User-Generated Content Sources in Social Media: A New Approach to Explore Tourist Satisfaction. Journal of Travel Research, 58(2), 253–265. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287517746014

Nurhandayani, A., Syarief, R., Syarief, R., & Najib, M. (2019). The Impact of Social Media Influencer and Brand Images to Purchase Intention. Universitas Brawijaya Journal of Applied Management (JAM), 17(4), 650–661. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2019.017.04.09

Oktaviani, B. R., &Estaswara, H. (2022). PengaruhElectornic Word Of Mouth (eWOM) di Media Sosial Twitter @avoskinbeauty Terhadap Keputusan PembelianAvoskin. Jurnal Publish, 10(1), 1–69.

Rachmawati, I. N. (2007). Pengumpulan Data DalamPenelitianKualitatif: Wawancara. JurnalKeperawatan Indonesia, 11(1), 35–40. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v11i1.184

Rahi, S., Ammara, U. E., & Qazi, T. F. (2021). The Impact of Advertisement on Customer Loyalty with Mediating Role of Word of Mouth (WOM). Economic and Social Development: Book of Proceedings, 224–229.

Ramadanty, S., & Maulana, A. (2020). Article in Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities. In Citations 4 Reads(Vol. 1). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342329184

Ring, A., Tkaczynski, A., &Dolnicar, S. (2014). Word-of-Mouth-Online, Offline, Visual or Verbal? Journal of Travel Research, 55(4), 481–492. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287514563165

Rodriguez, S. (2021, December 14). Instagram surpasses 2 billion monthly users while powering through a year of turmoil. CNBC.Com. https://www.cnbc.com/2021/12/14/instagram-surpasses-2-billion-monthly-users.html

Sachitanand, R. (2020, January 22). Indonesian and Thai consumers most chatty about brands online: Nielsen Read more at: https://www.campaignasia.com/article/indonesian-and-thai-consumers-most-chatty-about-brands-online-nielsen/457748. Campaignasia.Com. https://www.campaignasia.com/article/indonesian-and-thai-consumers-most-chatty-about-brands-online-nielsen/457748

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Seo, E. J., & Park, J. W. (2018). A study on the effects of social media marketing activities on brand equity and customer response in the airline industry. Journal of Air Transport Management, 66, 36–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.09.014

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Published
2022-09-22
How to Cite
Santika Vania Putri. (2022). The Impact of Electronic Word of Mouth (EWOM) Using Influencers on Brand Awareness and Purchase Intention. CoverAge: Journal of Strategic Communication, 13(1), 11-25. https://doi.org/10.35814/coverage.v13i1.3913
Section
Articles