Self-Presentation Berperan terhadap Psychological Well-Being: Survey pada Emerging Adulthood Pengguna Instagram

  • Nadia Vika Ferryanti Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya
  • Setiasih Setiasih Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya
  • Ni Putu Adelia Kesumaningsari Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35814/mind%20set.v12i02.1940
Abstract views: 448 | PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloads: 769
Keywords: emerging adulthood, instagram, psychological well-being, self-presentation

Abstract

Social media is one of the media that is often used as a medium of interaction and self-presenting. The use of social networking sites helps individuals form relationships with others online so that individuals have good psychological well-being. Uploading videos, photos or statuses is part of an online self-presentation so that what is presented can shape identity. The purpose of the study was to find out the relationship of self-presentation with psychological well-being. The method used is quantitative correlational. The number of participants in the study was 282 active students used instagram. Instruments used in this study is Ryff’s Psychological well-being Scale and Self-Presentation on Facebook Questionnaire from Michikyan et al. The results showed that is significant positive correlation of self-presentation with psychological well-being of emerging adulthood which used instagram. The more often individuals do self-presentation on instagram in the form of real self, the higher the psychological well-being condition of the individual, while the individual who conducts self-presentation ideally self or false self then the psychological well-being level is likely to be low.

References

Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twentie. American Psychological Association, 55(5), 469-480.DOI:10.1037//0003-066X.55.5.469

Burke, F. (2013). Social Media vs. Social Networking. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/social-media-vs-social-ne_b_4017305

Chen, H. -T., & Li, X. (2017). The contribution of mobile social media to social capital and psychological well-being: Examining the role of communicative use, friending and self-disclosure. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, 958-965. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.06.011

Choi, D. -H., & Noh, G. -Y. (2019). The influence of social media use on attitude toward suicide through psychological well-being, social isolation, and social support. Information, Communication & Society. DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2019.1574860

Databoks. (2019). Berapa Pengguna Media Sosial Indonesia https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2019/02/08/berapa-pengguna-media-sosial-indonesia

Doğan, U. (2016). Effects of social network use on happiness, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction of high school students: Case of Facebook and Twitter. Education and Science, 41(183), 217-231. DOI:10.15390/EB.2016.4616

Huppert, A. F (2009). Psychological well-being: Evidence regarding its causes and consequences. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 1(2), 137-164.

Kang, J., & Wei, L. (2018). Let me be at my funniest: Instagram users' motivation for using Fista (a.k.a., fake Instagram). The Social Science Journal. DOI: 10.1016/j.soscij.2018.12.005

Kim, J., & Lee, J. R. (2011). The facebook paths to happiness: Effects of the number of facebook friends and self-presentation on subjective well-being. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(6), 359-364. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2010.0374

Michikyan, M., Subrahmanyam, K., & Dennis, J. (2014a). Can you tell who I am? Neuroticism, extraversion, and online self-presentation among young adults. Computer in Human Behavior, 33, 179-183.

Michikyan, M., Subrahmanyam, K., & Dennis, J. (2014b). Can you guess who i am? real, ideal and false self-presentation on Facebook among emerging adults. Sage Publication.

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and social Psychology,57(6), 1069-1081.

Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-beingrevisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(4),719-727.

Santrock, J. W. (2012). life span development (13th ed). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sarahdevina, P. N (2019). Hubungan Antara Kelekatan Anak dan Orang tua dengan Kesejahteraan Psikologis Individu Dewasa Awal Golongan Triwangsa. Skripsi, tidak diterbitkan, Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya.

Tosepu, A. Y. (2018). Social Media dan & Social Network (Perbedaan dan klasifikasinya). http://yusrintosepu.wixsite.com/yoes/single-post/2018/04/23/Social-Media-dan-Social-Network-Media-Sosial-Jejaring-Sosial-Perbedaan-dan-klasifikasinya

Wardani, A. S. (2019). Jumlah Pengguna Instagram dan Facebook Indonesia Terbesar ke-4 di Dunia. https://www.liputan6.com/tekno/read/3998624/jumlah-pengguna-instagram-dan-facebook-indonesia-terbesar-ke-4-di-dunia

Wright, E. J., White, K. M., & Obst, P. L. (2018). Facebook False Self-Presentation Behaviors and Negative Mental Health. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking. 21(1), 40-49. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2016.0647

Published
2021-12-09
How to Cite
Ferryanti, N. V., Setiasih, S., & Kesumaningsari, N. P. A. (2021). Self-Presentation Berperan terhadap Psychological Well-Being: Survey pada Emerging Adulthood Pengguna Instagram. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi MIND SET, 12(02), 88-96. https://doi.org/10.35814/mind set.v12i02.1940
Section
Articles