Hubungan Religiusitas dengan Kesehatan Mental pada Populasi Dewasa Muda Muslim di Indonesia

  • Bagas Rahmatullah Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Pancasila, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Cindy Febriani Thalia Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Pancasila, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Angga Adi Saputra Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Pancasila, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Adelia Nurul Aulia Basar Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Pancasila, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Andi Eka Septilla Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Pancasila, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35814/mindset.v14i02.4895
Abstract views: 219 | PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloads: 119
Keywords: mental health, moslem, religoiusity, young adult

Abstract

Religiosity is often associated with the good and bad condition of an individual's mental health so a lot of negative stigma arises on mental health issues. This study aims to scientifically prove the relationship between religiosity and mental health. This research method uses a quantitative method with an accidental sampling technique. To measure religiosity, the Muslim Religiosity Scale was used and to measure mental health, the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) was used. This study involved 133 participants from 13 provinces in Indonesia with 19.50% male participants and 80.50% female participants. Based on the results of the Paired Sample T-test, the results showed that there was no significant relationship between religiosity and the symptoms of mental health disorder, the correlation of religiosity and depression with r = -0.42; p > 0.05, with anxiety r = -0.29; p > 0.05, and with stress r = -0.36; p > 0.05. Based on the results of the study, we can interpret that the individual mental health aspect does not have a significant relationship with the high or low level of religiosity.

References

Addy, N. D., Agbozo, F., Runge-Ranzinger, S., & Grys, P. (2021). Mental health difficulties, coping mechanisms and support systems among school-going adolescents in Ghana: A mixed-methods study. Plos One, 16(4), e0250424. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0250424

Aditya, Y., Martoyo, I., Nurcahyo, F. A., Ariela, J., Pramono, R., Aditya, Y., Martoyo, I., Nurcahyo, F. A., & Ariela, J. (2021). Factorial structure of the four basic dimensions of religiousness ( 4-BDRS ) among Muslim and Christian college students in Indonesia Factorial structure of the four basic dimensions of religiousness ( 4-BDRS ) among Muslim and Christian college students . Cogent Psychology, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2021.1974680

Amir, Y. (2021). Pengembangan skala religiusitas untuk subyek Muslim. Indonesian Journal for The Psychology of Religion, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.24854/ijpr403

Azman, Ö., Mauz, E., Reitzle, M., Geene, R., Hölling, H., & Rattay, P. (2021). Associations between parenting style and mental health in children and adolescents aged 11–17 Years: Results of the KiGGS cohort study (Second follow-up). Children, 8(8), 672. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8080672

Banerjee, D., Rabheru, K., & Ivbijaro, G. (2021). Dignity of older persons with mental health conditions : why should clinicians care ? 12(November), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.774533

Bjørlykhaug, K. I., Karlsson, B., Hesook, S. K., & Kleppe, L. C. (2022). Social support and recovery from mental health problems: A scoping review. Nordic Social Work Research, 12(5), 666–697. https://doi.org/10.1080/2156857X.2020.1868553

Bushong, E. C. (2018). The relationship between religiosity and mental illness stigma in the Abrahamic religions.

Cui, M., Fincham, F. D., & Durtschi, J. A. (2011). The effect of parental divorce on young adults ’ romantic relationship dissolution: What makes a difference ? 18, 410–426. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01306.x

Daulay, N., Darmayanti, N., Harahap, A. C. P., Wahyuni, S., Mirza, R., Dewi, S. S., Hardjo, S., Indrawan, Y. F., Aisyah, S., Harahap, D. P., & Munisa, M. (2022). Religiosity as moderator of stress and well-being among Muslim students during the pandemic in Indonesia. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(2), 88–103. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v5i2.2696

Diana, N., Mahudin, M., Noor, N. M., Dzulkifli, M. A., & Shari, N. (2016). Religiosity among Muslims : A scale development and validation study (Religiusitas pada Muslim : Pengembangan Skala dan Validasi Studi). Makara Hubs-Asia, 20(2), 109–120. https://doi.org/10.7454/mssh.v20i2.3492

El Hafiz, S. (2021). Skala religiusitas Muslim Indonesia: Mencari pengukuran aspek beragama yang valid (Scales of Indonesian Muslim religiosity: Looking for valid measurements of religious aspects). Jurnal Psikologi Islam, 8(1), 9–16. https://doi.org/10.47399/jpi.v8i1.131s

Fasihi-Harandi, T., Taghinasab, M. M., & Nayeri, D. T. (2017). The correlation of social support with mental health: A meta-analysis. Electronic Physician, 9(9), 5212–5222. https://doi.org/10.19082/5212

Ferreira, S., Magalhães, E., & Prioste, A. (2019). Social support and mental health of young people in residential care: A qualitative study. Annual Review of Legal Psychology, 30, 29–34. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5093/apj2019a12

George, L. K., Ellison, C. G., & Larson, D. B. (2002). Target article: Explaining the relationships between religious involvement and health. Psychological Inquiry, 13(3), 190–200. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1303_04

Gialluisi, A., Bonaccio, M., Di Castelnuovo, A., Costanzo, S., De Curtis, A., Sarchiapone, M., Cerletti, C., Donati, M. B., de Gaetano, G., & Iacoviello, L. (2020). Lifestyle and biological factors influence the relationship between mental health and low-grade inflammation. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 85, 4–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.041

Gupta, S., Avasthi, A., & Kumar, S. (2011). Relationship between religiosity and psychopathology in patients with depression. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 53(4), 330. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.91907

Ha, O. (2019). Health risks associated with social isolation in general and in young , middle and old age.

Hong, Y., Zhang, Y., Xue, P., Fang, X., Zhou L.,Wei, F., Lou, X., & Zhu, H. (2022). The influence of long working hours , occupational stress , and well-being on depression among couriers in Zhejiang , China. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.928928

Huber, S., & Huber, O. W. (2012). The Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS). Religions,3(3), 710–724. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel3030710

Jokela, M. (2022). Religiosity, Psychological distress, and well-being: Evaluating familial confounding with multicohort sibling data. American Journal of Epidemiology, 191(4), 584–590. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwab276

Kathryn, S. E. V. Æ., Mcnulty, C., & Iii, F. J. F. (2009). The recovery process utilizing Erikson ’ s stages of human development. Community Mental Health Journal, 405–414. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-009-9189-4

Kaufman, C. C., Berlin, K., Okwumabua, T., & Thurston, I. (2022). Spirituality and religiosity profiles among diverse young adults: The relationship with meaning making. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/19349637.2022.2074338

Khodayarifard, M., Abdollahi, A., Akbari-zardkhaneh, S., Afrooz, G., Rahiminezhad, A., Paknejad, M., Ghobary, B., Azarbayejani, M., Brinthaupt, T., & Jr, R. W. H. (2018). Abrahamic religiosity scale : Development and initial validation. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 21(9-10), 899-909. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2018.1434495

Koenig, H. G. (2012). Religion, Spirituality, and health: The research and clinical implications. ISRN Psychiatry, 2012, 1–33. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/278730

Leblanc, N. J., Dixon, L., Robinaugh, D. J., Valentine, S. E., Bosley, H. G., Gerber, M. W., & Marques, L. (2016). PTSD and romantic relationship satisfaction : Cluster and Symptom-level analyses. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 29(3), 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.

Lee, B. H. J., Pearce, L. D., & Schorpp, K. M. (2018). Religious pathways from adolescence. J Sci Study Relig, 56(2017), 678–689.

Leguizamo, F., Olmedilla, A., Núñez, A., Verdaguer, F. J. P., Gómez-Espejo, V., Ruiz-Barquín, R., & Garcia-Mas, A. (2021). Personality, coping strategies, and mental health in high-performance athletes during confinement derived from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Public Health, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.561198

Li, F., Luo, S., Mu, W., Li, Y., Ye, L., Zheng, X., Xu, B., Ding, Y., Ling, P., Zhou, M., & Chen, X. (2021). Effects of sources of social support and resilience on the mental health of different age groups during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Psychiatry, 21(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-03012-1

Lovibond, S. H. & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety & Stress Scales. (2nd Ed.). Psychology Foundation.

Malinakova, K., Tavel, P., Meier, Z., van Dijk, J. P., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2020). Religiosity and mental health: A contribution to understanding the heterogeneity of research findings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(2), 494. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020494

Miller, L., Wickramaratne, P., Gameroff, M. J., Sage, M., Tenke, C. E., & Weissman, M. M. (2012). Religiosity and major depression in adults at high risk: A ten-year prospective study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(1), 89–94. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2011.10121823

Misran, R. N., Khaiyom, J. H. A., & Razali, Z. A. (2021). The Role of religiosity to address the mental health crisis of students: A study on three parameters (Anxiety, depression, and stress). Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 29(4). https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.4.40

Paine, D. R., & Sandage, S. J. (2017). Religious involvement and depression: The mediating effect of relational spirituality. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(1), 269–283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-016-0282-z

Peng, B., Hu, N., Yu, H., Xiao, H., & Luo, J. (2021). Parenting style and adolescent mental health: The chain mediating effects of self-esteem and psychological inflexibility. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.738170

Purborini, N., Lee, M., Mazarina, H., & Chang, H. (2021). ScienceDirect Associated factors of depression among young adults in Indonesia : A population- based longitudinal study. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, xxxx. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2021.01.016

Reyes-Ortiz, C. A., Berges, I. M., Raji, M. A., Koenig, H. G., Kuo, Y.-F., & Markides, K. S. (2008). Church attendance mediates the association between depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning among older Mexican Americans. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 63(5), 480–486. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/63.5.480

Schlack, R., Peerenboom, N., Neuperdt, L., Junker, S., & Beyer, A.-K. (2021). The effects of mental health problems in childhood and adolescence in young adults: Results of the KiGGS cohort. Journal of Health Monitoring, 6(4), 3–19. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8734087/

Schrempft, S., Jackowska, M., Hamer, M., & Steptoe, A. (2019). Associations between social isolation, loneliness , and objective physical activity in older men and women. BMC Public Health, 7, 1–10.

Singh, V., Gera, T., & Behmani, K. R. (2021). Parenting styles and mental health of adolescents. Journal of Psychology and Behavior Studies, 1(1), 41–46. https://doi.org/10.32996/jpbs.2021.1.1.6

Stoewen, D. L. (2022). Nature, nurture, and mental health Part 1: The influence of genetics, psychology, and biology. The Canadian Veterinary Journal = La Revue Veterinaire Canadienne, 63(4), 427–430. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35368400

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode penelitian kuantitatif R&D. Alfabeta.

Sun, L., Canevello, A., Lewis, K. A., Li, J., Crocker, J., Schmidt, R. E., & Fitzgerald, M. (2021). Childhood emotional maltreatment and romantic relationships : The role of compassionate goals. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.723126

Suryadi, B., Hayat, B., Dwirifqi, M., & Putra, K. (2020). Evaluating psychometric properties of the Muslim Daily Religiosity Assessment Scale ( MUDRAS ) in Indonesian samples using the Rasch model evaluating psychometric properties of the Muslim daily. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 0(0), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2020.1795822

VanderWeele, T. J., Li, S., Tsai, A. C., & Kawachi, I. (2016). Association between religious service attendance and lower suicide rates among US Women. JAMA Psychiatry, 73(8), 845. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.1243

Yonker, J. E., Schnabelrauch, C. A., & DeHaan, L. G. (2012). The relationship between spirituality and religiosity on psychological outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults: A meta‐analytic review. Journal of Adolescence, 35(2), 299–314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.08.010

Published
2023-12-13
How to Cite
Bagas Rahmatullah, Thalia, C. F., Saputra, A. A., Basar, A. N. A., & Septilla, A. E. (2023). Hubungan Religiusitas dengan Kesehatan Mental pada Populasi Dewasa Muda Muslim di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi MIND SET, 14(02), 151-162. https://doi.org/10.35814/mindset.v14i02.4895
Section
Articles